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With the huge increase in global liquid fuels usage leading to global warming due to high pollutant emission; an alarming situation has risen to develop and adopt alternative green technology. This is highly required for transportation sector, one of the major fuel and energy consumers. Inland waterways can be a potent replacement for land and rail transport. IWT dwelling on marine diesel and heavy fuel oil is required to adopt renewable sources of energy to be a competent mode of transportation. Green Technology focusing on alternative sources of fueling in the IWT ‘s efficient multi modal transport system will be the most certain a breakthrough in the IWT which already shares an advantage on all sections of transport in terms of fuel, cost, carrying capacity etc. This paper highlights various green oriented strategies for improving transportation practices through Inland waterways sustainably. We have explored scope of renewable energy like Solar, Wind, etc. for IWT in India where IWT is carried out only 0.2%. India blessed with huge number of rivers can potentially rely on Inland water transport, and utilization of enormous Solar energy, available wind etc. can massively save fuels and keep environment pollution free. Methodology like Wind and Solar resource assessment, wind energy installations, Wave energy utilization, feasibility study of other alternative sources of fueling based on the climatic, technological sophistications like fuel cells, LNG, etc studied in this paper to harness renewable sources of energy can act as Pole Star for future research and exploration of various technologies in this direction bringing out an innovative set up for the IWT worldwide.